The Premier Football League of Canada is the CFL
Canadian football is a form of gridiron football played in Canada in which two teams of 12 players each compete for territorial control of a field of play 110 yards (101 m) long and 65 yards (59 m) wide attempting to advance a pointed prolate spheroid ball into the opposing team's scoring area (end zone).
In Canada, the term football may refer to Canadian football and American football collectively, or either sport specifically, depending on context. The NFL and CFL have shared origins and are closely related but have significant differences that affect the way the games are played. In particular, Canadian football has 12 players on the field per team rather than 11 in the NFL; the field is roughly 10 yards wider, and 10 yards longer between end zones that are themselves 10 yards deeper; and a team has only three downs to gain 10 yards, which results in less offensive rushing and more passing than in the NFL game. In the Canadian game all players on the defending team, when a down begins, must be at least 1 yard from the line of scrimmage. (The American game has a similar "neutral zone" but it is only the width of the football.)
The CFL is the most popular and only major professional Canadian football league. Its championship game, the Grey Cup, is the country's single largest sporting event, attracting a broad television audience (in 2009, about 40% of Canada's population watched part of the game). Canadian football is also played at the high school, junior, collegiate, and semi-professional levels: the Canadian Junior Football League, formed May 8, 1974, and Quebec Junior Football League are leagues for players aged 18-22, many post-secondary institutions compete in Canadian Interuniversity Sport for the Vanier Cup, and senior leagues such as the Alberta Football League have grown in popularity in recent years. Great achievements in Canadian football are enshrined in the Canadian Football Hall of Fame.
The first documented football match was a practice game played on November 9, 1861, at University College, University of Toronto (approximately 400 yards west of Queen's Park). One of the participants in the game involving University of Toronto students was (Sir) William Mulock, later Chancellor of the school. A football club was formed at the university soon afterward, although its rules of play at this stage are unclear.
The Grey Cup, the CFL League Championship Trophy, was established in 1909 after being donated by Lord Earl Grey, The Governor General of Canada as the championship of teams under the CRU for the Rugby Football Championship of Canada
As of 2014, Newfoundland and Labrador is the only province that has neither organized Canadian football at the college, professional or amateur level, nor has hosted a CFL or college game. Prince Edward Island, the smallest of the provinces, has also never hosted a CFL game.
List of CFL Teams
- Hamilton Tiger-Cats Hamilton, Ontario
- Montreal Alouettes Montreal, Quebec
- Ottawa Redblacks Ottawa, Ontario
- Toronto Argonauts Toronto, Ontario
- BC Lions Vancouver, British Columbia
- Calgary Stampeders Calgary, Alberta
- Edmonton Eskimos Edmonton, Alberta
- Saskatchewan Roughriders Regina, Saskatchewan
- Winnipeg Blue Bombers Winnipeg, Manitoba